"For us, coding is not a set of technical skills but a new type of literacy and personal expression, valuable for everyone, much like learning to write. We see coding as a new way for people to organize, express, and share their ideas."
Zone of Proximal Development - Here's how I came to understand what it meant (quoting myself from June, 2009):
I first heard of Vygotsky in reference to the “zone of proximal development” (ZPD). It took three explanations of the concept to clarify the meaning for me. I understand the ZPD to be a range within which the learner is poised to experience new learning.
A learner develops at their own pace, regardless of external instruction and curricula. When a learner is developmentally disposed towards new learning – when they are in their ZPD – they are on the frontier, ready for new learning. This is how I initially understood the zone of proximal development. However, Vygotsky described it as:
the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance or in collaboration with more capable peers.
This explanation suggests ZPD as being the area beyond the learner’s comfort zone – they are actually in the frontier, where they can learn with assistance from others. In fact, they need the assistance of others because the frontier is so new.
I've been at a PreK-9 school that saved all the PD and big faculty meetings for Friday afternoons, with kids being dismissed at 12:30. The other part of the balance, however, was that Monday thru Thursday the school day went till 4:30.
Could teachers be polled as to what type of scheduling they would most appreciate, thereby potentially alleviating the grumbles? And maybe this polling could be done each year so that alternative voices had the opportunity to make suggestions and have those suggestions be selected.