When children first begin more formal schooling (i.e, preschool), it can be a huge transition. For some children, it is their first real exposure to being with another group of children all day and for others, coming from an early learning center, it might involve a transition to a new building, new teachers, and new structures and processes for learning. A number of resources, recommendations, and practices exist to help prepare young children to successfully make this transition. For example, ZERO TO THREE: National Center for Infants, Toddlers and Families, suggests the following:
- Use pretend play to explore the idea of preschool. Take turns being the parent, child and teacher. Act out common daily routines, such as saying good-bye to mommy and/or daddy, taking off your coat, singing songs, reading stories, having Circle Time, playing outside, and taking naps. Reassure your child that preschool is a good place where he will have fun and learn. Answer his questions patiently. This helps children feel more in control which reduces their anxiety.
- Read books about preschool. There are many books about going to preschool available from the public library in your area. Choose several to share with your child over the summer before school starts. Talk about the story and how the characters are feeling. Ask how your child is feeling.
- Make a game out of practicing self-help skills like: unzipping her coat, hanging her coat on a hook, putting on her backpack, fastening her shoes. For example, you might want to have a "race" with your child to see how quickly she can put on her shoes. When you play school together, you can give your child the chance to practice taking off her coat, zipping her backpack closed, and sitting “criss-cross applesauce.” If your child will be bringing lunch, pack it up one day before school starts and have a picnic together. This will give her the chance to practice unzipping her lunch box and unwrapping her sandwich—important skills for the first day!
- Play at your new preschool. Visit your child’s preschool together. Ask when you can tour the school with your child. Play on the school playground a few times before your child starts the program. These visits increase your child’s comfort with and confidence in this new setting.
They also offer suggestions for dealing with the worry a young child might experience making this transition and ideas for how to prepare two weeks, one day before, and the actually day a child starts school.
What can we learn from these resources as we explore more about the transition that currently exists for students going to college?