Inspiration - Any Team Sports
The Coach, usually circles back with the team after the game to give feedback about the game. What went right, what went wrong. They also sometimes do video replays for the players to see where they went wrong. They also show video's of other players who have got it right. This sort of an open collaborative, comparative constructive criticism/feedback propels learning. Then comes the second chance, the next game, where the athlete is able to perform better, by now being more aware of his mistakes and avoiding them or correcting his mistakes
The Problem - No/Little feedback after the final exam. There is no comparison.
The Grade system masks the scores and does not allow any comparisons. More so the multiple choice Q/A, I think is made for the instructor and not the student. Does not matter if the child really knows the answer or guessed it. One either makes it or does not. This I believe encourages rote learning.
FYI - Wonderful article on history of grading - http://www.joebower.org/2012/09/a-short-history-of-grading.html#comment-form
The Solution - Collaborative Comparative Constructive Criticism With A Second Chance
How it Works:
1. Review - After a test, as a coach, review each individuals performance with the class together (hopefully not multiple choice Q/A). Get Children to share their thoughts, answers, observations and comments.
2. Set High Class standards - Set High standards for class success - May be an average of A grade in all tests. High Team expectation with Low individual expectation. The class wins as a team or fails as a team. Make the children feel responsible for success or failure as a team.
3. Reward - Just as a coach would do - It is ok to highlight individual players, but it is VERY Imp for the class to see themselves as a part of the class team and not as individuals. Reward the team success and reward individuals who help the team to succeed.
4. Self Critique - Allow children to then critique their own work in the front of the class. This way learn faster and embrace failure
5. Second Chance - Once they realized what they have done incorrectly, give them a second chance. I am not saying the same question paper :) - Now is the time to raise the standards. But something that helps them put to use the lessons they have learn't so that the learning can be cemented.
Mini Teams - Mini teams within the class, where children help each other. Compare Mini Team results and not individual results. Teams Share team success/failure with class.
Potential Impact -
1. Accelerated Learning
2. Better Grades
3. Fosters Team Work & Sharing
4. Learning environment is comforting for individuals
5. Builds stronger relationships
6. Reduces Bullying
Scaling & Adaption
1. Easy to form groups of 4/5 based on seating / tables/ houses etc within a class
2. No change needed to current system