Student passivity begins when we take away all choice. Student empowerment starts the first day in my classroom. They sit where they want. They get a tour of their room. I show them where supplies are and that they can access them without permission. When they need something, they should just get it. If they need something and they don't see it, they ask. If they need to reconfigure the furniture, they do. If they think of a better way to do something, they are expected to share it. These simple things change the passive mindset of my high school students, who are used to sitting and passively swallowing content. I am not the expert in the room. We are all in this together and they are expected to be an ACTIVE participant in collaborative learning.