I was inspired when I heard Warren Berger speak at a conference, and then his book, A More Beautiful Question: The Power of Inquiry to Spark Breakthrough Ideas, introduced me to The Right Question Institute (rightquestion.org). Many free resources are on the website (one just needs to join the Educator Network); Dan Rothstein and Luz Santana's Make Just One Change: Teach Students to Ask Their Own Questions provides even more resources, research, and examples.
Rothstein and Santana share the Question Formulation Technique (QFT), which has been refined over twenty years of research and practice with diverse learners and teachers in multiple disciplines. It is a clear ritual/routine that can help foster a culture of innovation in all classrooms. The process has students develop divergent thinking, convergent thinking and metacognition, and it also generates more student ownership and curiosity.
This past year, I had my students engage in design thinking, and the QFT process was a particularly effective tool. It helped students collaborate and generate interesting, authentic questions to explore so they could develop ideas to meet genuine needs of their audiences. Berger defines a beautiful question as "an ambitious yet actionable question that can begin to shift the way we perceive or think about something--and that might serve as a catalyst to bring about change." Teaching students, more explicitly, to ask their own questions is a critical foundation for developing both independent learners and a culture of innovation.