Surgeon Atul Gawande sought to improve quality of care during and following surgeries and quickly discovered how checklists have transformed the aviation industry. He then studied how using simple checklists could be used in similar ways in the medical field with rather surprising results, which he shares in his fantastic book The Checklist Manifesto (cf. NPR review). Not only did using checklist drastically cut back on mistakes, but they also improved the quality of conversation that his teams had, shifting the culture within the hospital in the process. Gawande makes it clear that, in using checklists, "[j]ust ticking boxes is not the ultimate goal here. Embracing a culture of teamwork and discipline is" (160). In other words, by breaking down complex problems and going through simple routines together, we can build a stronger and more collaborative culture that can help solve these problems more effectively.
Others are already using it in establishing desired culture: Jack Dorsey, co-founder of Twitter and CEO of Square, for example, gives a copy of the book to everyone he hires; and Kathleen Cushman has argued it could help schools take culture deeper.